Friday, July 15, 2016
July 16 is the patronal feast of the Carmelites. The Order of Carmelites takes its name from Mount Carmel in Israel, which was the first place dedicated to the Blessed Virgin and where a chapel was erected in her honor before her Assumption into heaven.
In the Old Testament, Mount Carmel was a holy place sanctified by the memory of Elijah and his followers - who fought for the rights of the true God 900 years before Christ.
Christians would interpret Elijah's vision of the cloud rising from the Mediterranean sea as a symbol of the Blessed Virgin Mary whose Son would be the Messiah and Savior (1 Kings 18, 42-45). After the days of Elijah and Elisha other holy hermits lived on Mt. Carmel and led solitary, contemplative lives, praying and fasting. Along with the austere figure of Elijah, they looked for inspiration to the Mother of God. Her Latin title was "Virgo Dei Genitrix", which means "Virgin Mother of God".
July 16th is also the feast of the "Scapular of Mount Carmel." On this day in 1251, the Blessed Virgin appeared to Saint Simon Stock, General of the Carmelites at Cambridge, England, showed him the scapular and promised supernatural favors and her special protection to his Order and to all persons who would wear her scapular. When she presented the scapular to him, she told him, "This is your privilege: whoever dies wearing this shall not suffer eternal fire."
To obtain the indulgences and other benefits promised to those who wear the Carmelite scapular, a person must be invested by a priest and must lead a consistent Christian life.
Practices: Wear the Brown scapular after enrollment. Observe chastity according to your state in life. Recite the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary, or recite the Rosary daily (usual requirements).
Promises/benefits:"...whoever dies wearing this [the brown scapular] shall not suffer eternal fire." [Blessed Mother's promise to St. Simon]
Sabbatine Privilege: Release from purgatory on the first Saturday after death [revealed by the Blessed Mother to Pope John XXII in 1322].
Partial indulgence granted by Pope Benedict XV to those who devoutly kiss the scapular.
Prayer to Our Lady of Mount Carmel composed by Saint Simon Stock
O Beautiful Flower of Carmel, most fruitful vine, splendor of heaven, holy and singular, who brought forth the Son of God, still ever remaining a pure virgin, assist us in our necessity! O Star of the Sea, help and protect us! Show us that you are our Mother! Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, pray for us!